Blood in Stool
Blood in The Stool
What does blood in stool mean?
Blood in stool is one of the most common symptoms associated with stomach and bowel, and less due to the problems of liver, gallbladder and pancreas. Gastrointestinal bleeding is the direct cause for blood in stool. However, behind the blood in stool, usually a disease is present. Some diseases that lead to a blood in stool, are harmless and can be treated well, while others can be life threatening. The blood in stool can occur at any age, and the probability of occurrence is increased with the age for most people.
Blood in stool may be discovered by yourself and thus impresses you enough to seek doctor's help. In this case, you may see bright blood in stool or black stools during passing stool. In addition, blood in stool can also be detected, even though you have not seen blood in the stool. This is done by the detection of blood in a routine examination of stool that is analyzed at the doctor's laboratory. Blood invisible to the naked eye is called "occult blood".
In most cases, we see the condition in the form of blood streaks in stool, sometimes with bloody mucus in stool. Fortunately, it is benign most of the time and often appears only once. A ordinary transient inflammation (e.g. by infection or spicy food) of bowel is usually responsible for this. Sometimes, we also see a drop of blood in the toilet bowl water, or the blood shows up on toilet paper by wiping the anus. Maybe the causes are more attributed to the anal bleeding by passing the large, dry and hard stools. Occasionally, you may see a bunch of blood squirts out of the anus after passage of stools, especially straining at stool. That's because there may be a small break in the anal canal.
These various cases of bleeding episodes are mild in nature. They often affect those who are healthy, or do not have a history or an existing gastrointestinal disease. In short, a small amount or trace amounts of blood in stool is usually harmless. However, a frequent blood in stool means a disease that needs to be concerned about is hidden behind the bleeding. It is important to assess the color of the stool. By this, we can initially determine where the bleeding source and the level of the amount of blood in the stool. Common diseases are listed below:
- Bleeding stomach ulcer: gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer cause black stools when a large amount of bleeding; A mixture of black streaks in the stool if less bleeding.
- Chronic inflammation (e.g. Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis) of the bowel often causes change in bowel habits: Frequent bowel movements, blood and mucus in mushy stool, poorly formed. Moreover, patients may also have diarrhea.
- Infection (e.g. dysentery), causes fever, abdominal pain, diarrhea, tenesmus (straining to defecate), blood and pus in stool.
- Bowel polyps, bowel cancer and rectal cancer, cause bowel pain, change in bowel habits, frequent passage of stools, blood and mucus in stool. The patients with rectal cancer also have a feeling of tenesmus. High level bowel cancer - blood streaks in stool; Low level bowel cancer - fresh blood spots on stool.
- Benign diseases of the anus and rectum (e.g. piles, rectal prolapse, anal fissure, anal fistula), the main causes for bright red blood in stool.
- Chronic liver disease, bile duct bleeding, pancreatitis may also cause a dark-red blood in the stool sometimes.
There are different types of blood in stool:
- Melena: (black stool) The color of part or all of the stool ranges from dark to tarry black. The source of bleeding is in the upper section of the gastrointestinal tract (esophagus, stomach, small intestine). In assessing the color of the stool, it is important to note that certain foods such as black pudding or dark berries and medicines such as iron and charcoal tablets, can cause a black discoloration of the feces without any bleeding being present.
- Bloody stool: the stools are superposed or mixed with bright red or dark red blood. The blood comes from lower gastrointestinal tract (small intestine, large intestine, rectum, the anal canal), as well as upper gastrointestinal tract, which causes a rapid, a large amount of bleeding.
- Occult blood: the blood volume is so low that they can not see with the naked eye, but can be detected by microscope in red blood cells level. That is a result of tiny bleeding or as an early symptom.
- Hematochezia: referring to bright red blood in stool, or blood dripping out or squirting out of the anus after passage of stools, or even discharge of pure blood. The source of bleeding is at the end of the large intestine or anal canal, for example, caused by hemorrhoids.
What can you do for blood in stool?
The occasional, a small amount of blood in stool is usually harmless, especially you have no change in bowel habits. If the "blood in stool" is frequent, or accompanied by a change in bowel habits, the "blood in stool" always requires a medical examination. You need to understand the causes of the blood in stool. This can be clarified by your doctor. He looks for the source and cause of bleeding.
When to seek medical attention? When uncertainty, the "blood in stool" should be examined by your doctor. Not all cases of the bright red blood in stool are caused by the hemorrhoids and anal fissure; A repeated bleeding suggests a examination by a doctor. New bleeding after 40 years of age should be examined by a doctor to rule out the possibility of colorectal cancer. Bowel bleeding accompanied by a feeling of being unwell, suggests early doctor visits. Acute, heavy bleeding requires urgent care.
You can also do some home remedies. Including: A healthy diet - high-fiber and low-fat diet, The vegetables are helpful for defecation; A regular passage of stools - avoiding hardened stools; The more exercise will help the bowel movement; Try not to drink do not smoke; Treatment for existing gastrointestinal disease, liver disease, biliary tract disease, pancreatitis; Hemorrhoids are treated with high-fiber diet, good toilet habits, as well as a warm water bath; Normally tears in the anus close by themselves; If the stool is soft and you do not have to use much force to press it out.
Last update: 2012-08-25